Monday, June 7, 2010

On the way from Nandi Hills towards Bangalore near the International Airport, you will find a structure which will seem to be a prison with high walls. On a nearer look once will understand that its a fort.

DevanaDSC05649halli, located at a distance of 35 kms. towards north of Bangalore is a fast growing suburb having and antiquity right from pre-historic times down to the period of Tipu Sultan. It was part of Gangawadi and later came under the rule of the Rashtrakutas, Nolamba, Pallavas, Cholas, Hoysalas and the Vijayanagara rulers. During the time of Vijayanagara rule, one Malla Baire Gowda of Avati, a feudatory constructed the fort in 1501 AD with the consent of Devaraya at Devanadoddi - the earlier name of Devanahalli. Subsequently, in 1741 AD the fort passed into the hands of the Wodeyars of Mysore, which wDSC05644as conquered many times from the Marathas and later came under the control of Haider Ali and Tipu Sultan. The present fort is ascribed to Haider Ali and Tipu Sultan, and it was the favourite hunting place for Tipu, which incidentally was his birth place as well.

The roughly oval east oriented fortification veneered with dressed masonry has as many as 12 semi-circular bastions at regular intervals. As we near the fort, we see a road passing under DSC05651the massive construction. The outer walls are made of heavy stones will a brick lining on the top. The fort is provided with entrances at east and west decorated with cut plaster work.

Once we pass through inside the fortification, there are steps on the left and right to move to the battlement area. As we move up the stairs, we see a long corridor on each side where hundreds of soldiers can be deployed during emergency. The inner side of the walls are constructed in brick and still intact. There are gun points through which the outside can be kept an eye on. The Devanahalli village still exiDSC05637sts within this fortified area.

There is one temple probably of the 17th century inside dedicated to Lord Siva. It is a recent construction without much wear and tear. Even the architecture resembles the Vijayanagara style, it is more kind of an imitation than built at in that era.

We just had a small break near the temple and moved on to visit a place so important but it is thrown just on the road side withouDSC05664t any importance or care. This is the place where the Tiger of Mysore, Tipu Sultan was born.

This memorial, located at about 150 mts. south west of the fort, is traditionally identified as the spot where Tipu Sultan was born. A four pillared arched structure which rests on a square platform within a masonry enclosure having entrance from the east are the only remains available.

There is nothing more to visit in this importance place called Devanahalli and we head back home in the scorching heat…


Mahima said...

Its a very informative post. i hav always been interestd in historical architecture!
i think u cud hav compared Devanahalli fort with Forts of north India (Mughals) which were build during the same time...
The middle paragraphs where u described the architecture actually made me visualize the place. Kudos to ur vivid description!! =)

Hari said...

@Mahima - Thanks a lot.. I did not visit any of the Mughal Constructions yet, so cannot compare. Keep reading and spread the word... I asked you to spread the word as not many people write about Indian History..

Deguide said...

Nice description of the devanhalli fort Narayan

Harisha K said...

Hi Hari,
Can you get me similar history about doddaballapur(I have collected all the details available in the net bit by bit).But I need complete details.

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